From military to civilian

Although the Ministry of Defence and the BH Armed Forces released a lot of personnel in the previous period, they have also been continuously taking measures to reduce the number of persons who have to be released (filling formation vacancies caused by the process of retirement, pre-categorizing troops to civilians and noncommissioned officers, and NCOs to officers, extension agreements on military service for certain military evidential specialties, etc.). During the realization of the process of transition of personnel, a principle of gradual cessation of military service soldiers older than the statutory limit was used. This principle also monitored the admission process of young soldiers into military service. This way, two goals were achieved: two objectives: care for inadequately released personnel and maintaining operational capability and rejuvenation of the BH AF.

The BH MO has also timely undertaken a number of significant activities with a goal to facilitate the reintegration of discharged members of the BH Armed Forces of BiH into civilian life as much as possible with the assistance of the transition of military personnel.

In this regard, let us recall that the MO and the BH Armed Forces, on the path of the defense system reform and European integration, for many years, have achieved a very successful cooperation with international organizations and representatives of the international community, accredited in BH. This primarily refers to the highly successful cooperation with the NATO Headquarters in Sarajevo, the EUFOR command, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the NATO embassies and other friendly countries in BH. Two NATO Trust Funds (NATO Trust Funds for BH and NATO-Perspektiva program for BH), which were implemented during the most important phase of the reform of the defense system in BH (2004, 2006/2007 and 2010-2012, when the reform of the defense was at its peak and when the system was supposed to release and in a way assist in the reintegration into civilian life of about 6000 ex-combatants), have helped Bosnia and Herzegovina to easier overcome problems during the reform of the defense system and the release of soldiers. The MO, the BH Armed Forces, IOM, NATO Command Headquarters in Sarajevo, the Leader of the nation and the embassy, now 12 NATO and partner countries, including Bosnia and Herzegovina, are currently very successfully implementing the second NATO Trust Fund, i.e. the NATO Perspektiva program. This project is a continuation of the previously highly successful co-operation and support of NATO and partner countries to the Ministry of Defense and BH Armed Forces. The extremely successful implementation of the NATO Perspektiva program is the result of selfless dedication of IOM, the Leader of the nation, NATO Headquarters in Sarajevo, 11 embassies of donor countries in helping the released soldiers and the MO and BH AF to easily overcome problems during the reform of the defense system. Eleven NATO and partner countries, in addition to BH and NATO headquarters in Sarajevo, joined their financial and political support within the NATO Perspektiva program, aiming to help Bosnia and Herzegovina to easily overcome the problems of the release of military personnel. These countries are: the United States, Norway, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Luxembourg, Turkey, Sweden, Denmark, Czech Republic and Slovenia. Finland joined in the meantime. The NATO Perspektiva program, which was initially supposed to last from 01st October 2010 to 30th September 2012 and assist in the care of soldiers discharged from the system in the period 2010-2012, was, in the meantime, further financially supported and extended until 31st March 2013. In addition, these partners are working together on finding additional financial contributions in order to facilitate the extension of the program until 30th September 2013 in order for the assistance and care projects to help in the reintegration of soldiers (about 950), that will be released from the defense system in 2013.

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